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Linux for Starters: Your Guide to Linux – Install Ubuntu from your USB stick – Part 4

Step 10 – First boot

This is what you’ll see on the first boot of your new Ubuntu system.

Ubuntu - First Boot
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We chose not to log in automatically, so we need to log in by entering our password. When we click our name, an icon appears in the bottom right hand corner.

Ubuntu - Wayland
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The icon lets us choose from “Ubuntu” or “Ubuntu on Xorg”. This tells the system which display server to use. There’s a choice between Wayland (the default on Ubuntu 21.04) and Xorg.

What’s a display server? It’s the basic component of GUI which sits between the graphical interface and the kernel. Its primary task is to coordinate the input and output of its clients (programs and applications running GUI interface) to and from the rest of the OS, the hardware, and each other.

Ubuntu - Accessibility
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There’s a few options available in the top bar. The image above shows the available accessibility options. There’s also a calendar, and a widget for volume control, network connection, and power off/log out options.


The next part of this series takes you through 8 essential things to do.

Pages in this article:
Page 1 – Setup computer
Page 2 – More configuration and installing software
Page 3 – First boot


All articles in this series:

Linux For Starters: Your Guide to Linux
1What is Linux? Why use Linux? What do I need?
2Choose a Linux distribution meeting your specific needs and requirements.
3Make a bootable Ubuntu USB stick in Windows.
4We show you how to install Ubuntu 21.04 on your hard disk.
5Things to do after installing Ubuntu.
6Navigating your way around the Desktop.
7Updating the system, install new software.
8Open source replacements for proprietary Windows desktop software.
9Get started with the power and flexibility of the terminal.
10We cover the basics of files and permissions.
11Getting help from your system.
12Learn all about the file system.
13Manipulating files from the shell.
14Maintain your system with these simple tips.
15Managing users on your system.
16Explore different desktops to GNOME 3.
17Gaming on Linux.
18Protect your privacy with this guide.
19Access the Windows desktop from Linux using a remote desktop client.
20Set up a virtual machine running Ubuntu as the host and openSUSE as the guest.
21Wine lets you run Windows programs on Linux without emulation.
22Extend your GNOME desktop with extensions and themes.
XUseful Linux commands.
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One comment

  1. Thanks this is helpful. I’ve been thinking about trying Ubuntu for a few months. I’ve got a spare weekend so I’ll give it a try. I read that it’s important to forget about the Windows way of using the machine.

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