Best Free and Open Source Software – Science

Scientific Software
Science really prospers and advances when individuals share the results of their experiments with others in the scientific community. There is a certain logic that scientific software should therefore be released in a freely distributable environment.
Scientific - Maths, biology, chemistry, physcis, electronics & engineering and more
Physics - The study of matter and energy applying laws that govern natural phenomena
Chemistry - The study of matter and the changes it undergoes
Biology - Concerned with the study of living things
Bioinformatics - The application of mathematics, computing and statistics to the analysis of biological information
Desktop Genome Browsers - Visualize and browse entire genomes with annotated data
Web Based Genome Browsers - Visualize and browse entire genomes with annotated data
Graphical User Interfaces for R - For statistical computing and graphics
Robotics Software - Branch of artificial intelligence concerned with the study of robots
Data Mining - Brings together the fields of computer science, statistics and artificial intelligence
Deep Learning - Python software for Deep Learning
Data Science Notebooks - Virtual collaborative environments
Python Tools for Data Science - Python is arguably the go-to programming language for data scientists
Plotting Tools - Helps to analyze and visualize data
Python Visualization Packages - explore data and share results with others
Python Data Analysis - inspect, clean, transform, and model data
Python Data Validation - perform data validation
Computer Algebra Systems - Manipulate mathematical formulae in a way similar to the traditional manual computations of mathematicians and scientists
Statistical Analysis - Helps scientists understand a concept or representation and make possible predictions
Geometry - Combines three branches of mathematics: geometry, calculus and algebra
Python Mathematics Tools - Useful for mathematicians working with Python
Earth Science - Wide range of fields such as geology, geography, geophysics, meteorology and oceanography
Virtual Globes - Alternatives to Google Earth
Weather - Includes both GUI and console tools
Astronomy - Deals with the study of celestial objects
Astronomical Data Analysis- Capable astronomical analysis systems
Electronic Design Automation - Design electronic systems such as printed circuit boards and integrated circuits
Laboratory Information Management System - Streamlined workflow automation and management
GPS - The Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation satellite system
Reference Management Tools - Software for academics and authors to use to record and use bibliographic citations
Natural Language Processing
Natural Language Processing - Field of computer science, artificial intelligence, and computational linguistics
Python Natural Language Processing - Python and R stand toe-to-toe in data science. But in the field of NLP, Python stands very tall
R Natural Language Processing - R offers competent libraries for NLP
Jvaa Natural Language Processing - Java runs Python and R close when it comes to NLP
C++ Natural Language Processing - C++ based NLP tools

Get Started with Data Science with two tutorials to explore data science using Python or R. Both tutorials tackle the same basic data science task: manipulate and then visualise a data set.

Introduction to Python for Data Science

Introduction to R and RStudio for Data Science

Big Data
Big Data is an all-inclusive term that refers to data sets so large and complex that they need to be processed by specially designed hardware and software tools.
Search Engines - Full-featured search engines through an application programming interface
Data Analysis Tools - Examine huge quantities of data to find patterns, correlations, and more
File Systems - Storage solution which is designed to scale out on multiple servers
Key Value Stores - Allow the application to store its data in a schema-less way
Native XML Databases - Store data and documents without requiring a database schema
Electronic Medical Records - For medical practitioners
Medical Imaging - To view DICOM images
Medical Practice Management - Supervise and support the day-to-day operations of a medical practice
Food and Drink - Nutrition, diet and BEER!
Eye Care - Look after your eyes
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