Raku is a member of the Perl family of programming languages. Formerly known as Perl 6, it was renamed in October 2019. Raku introduces elements of many modern and historical languages. Compatibility with Perl was not a goal, though a compatibility mode is part of the specification.
Raku offers many features such as:
- Object-oriented programming including generics, roles and multiple dispatch;
- Functional programming primitives, lazy and eager list evaluation, junctions, autothreading and
- hyperoperators (vector operators);
- Parallelism, concurrency, and asynchrony including multi-core support;
- Definable grammars for pattern matching and generalized string processing;
- Optional and gradual typing.
Raku is multi-paradigmatic. It supports procedural, object oriented, and functional programming.
1. Learn Raku in Y minutes by vendethiel and contributors
Take a whirlwind tour of your next favorite language.
2. Raku Advent Calendar by various contributors
Raku is a multi-paradigm language where there’s more than one way to do it.
This is a collection of 25 articles that cover a wide range of areas to help you master Raku.
3. Raku Tutorials – official documentation
- Modules – How to create, use, and distribute Raku modules.
- Core modules – Core modules that may be useful to module authors.
- Input/Output – File-related operations.
- Concurrency – Concurrency and asynchronous programming.
- Classes and objects – A tutorial about creating and using classes in Raku.
- Iterating – Functionalities available for visiting all items in a complex data structure.
- Regexes: best practices and gotchas – Some tips on regexes and grammars.
- Module packages – Creating module packages for code reuse.
- Module development utilities – What can help you write/test/improve your module(s).
- Grammar tutorial – An introduction to grammars.
- Command line interface – Creating your own CLI in Raku.
- Doing math with Raku – Different mathematical paradigms and how they are implemented in this language.
- Creating operators – A short tutorial on how to declare operators and create new ones.
- CompUnits and where to find them – How and when Raku modules are compiled, where they are stored, and how to access them in compiled form.
- Entering unicode characters – Input methods for unicode characters in terminals, the shell, and editors.
- Inter-process communication – Programs running other programs and communicating with them.
4. Raku essentials
Raku essentials provides a basic introduction to Raku and its compiler.
All tutorials in this series:
|Free Programming Tutorials|
|Java||General-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, high-level language|
|C||General-purpose, procedural, portable, high-level language|
|Python||General-purpose, structured, powerful language|
|C++||General-purpose, portable, free-form, multi-paradigm language|
|C#||Combines the power and flexibility of C++ with the simplicity of Visual Basic|
|PHP||PHP has been at the helm of the web for many years|
|Ruby||General purpose, scripting, structured, flexible, fully object-oriented language|
|Assembly||As close to writing machine code without writing in pure hexadecimal|
|Swift||Powerful and intuitive general-purpose programming language|
|Groovy||Powerful, optionally typed and dynamic language|
|Go||Compiled, statically typed programming language|
|Pascal||Imperative and procedural language designed in the late 1960s|
|Perl||High-level, general-purpose, interpreted, scripting, dynamic language|
|R||De facto standard among statisticians and data analysts|
|COBOL||Common Business-Oriented Language|
|Scala||Modern, object-functional, multi-paradigm, Java-based language|
|Fortran||The first high-level language, using the first compiler|
|Scratch||Visual programming language designed for 8-16 year-old children|
|Lua||Designed as an embeddable scripting language|
|Logo||Dialect of Lisp that features interactivity, modularity, extensibility|
|Rust||Ideal for systems, embedded, and other performance critical code|
|Lisp||Unique features - excellent to study programming constructs|
|Ada||ALGOL-like programming language, extended from Pascal and others|
|Haskell||Standardized, general-purpose, polymorphically, statically typed language|
|Scheme||General-purpose, functional, language descended from Lisp and Algol|
|Prolog||General purpose, declarative, logic programming language|
|Forth||Imperative stack-based programming language|
|Clojure||Dialect of the Lisp programming language|
|Julia||High-level, high-performance language for technical computing|
|SQL||Access and manipulate data held in a relational database management system|
|Erlang||General-purpose, concurrent, declarative, functional language|
|VimL||Powerful scripting language of the Vim editor|
|OCaml||General-purpose, powerful, high-level language|
|Awk||Versatile language designed for pattern scanning and processing|
|Racket||Platform for programming language design and implementation|
|BASIC||Family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages|
|LaTeX||Professional document preparation system and document markup language|
|Elixir||Relatively new functional language that runs on the Erlang virtual machine|
|Dart||Client-optimized programming language for fast apps|
|ABAP||Advanced Business Application Programming|
|F#||General purpose, strongly typed, multi-paradigm language. Part of ML|
|Chapel||Parallel-programming language in development at Cray Inc.|
|Dylan||Multi-paradigm language, supports functional & object-oriented programming|
|D||General-purpose systems programming language with a C-like syntax|
|Solidity||Object-oriented, high-level language for implementing smart contracts|
|XML||Set of rules for defining semantic tags that describe the structure and meaning|
|Vala||Object-oriented language with a self-hosting compiler that generates C code|
|ECMAScript||Best known as the language embedded in web browsers|
|Kotlin||Statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference|
|Markdown||Plain text formatting syntax designed to be easy-to-read and easy-to-write|
|Pike||Interpreted, general-purpose, high-level, cross-platform, dynamic language|
|HTML||HyperText Markup Language|
|Factor||Dynamic stack-based language|
|Objective-C||General purpose language which is a superset of C|
|Standard ML||One of the two main dialects of the ML language|
|Alice||Educational language with an integrated development environment|
|Agda||Dependently typed functional language based on intuitionistic type theory|
|Icon||High-level, general-purpose language|
|PureScript||Small strongly, statically typed language with expressive types|
|Tcl||Dynamic language based on concepts of Lisp, C, and Unix shells|
|QML||Hierarchical declarative language for user interface layout with a syntax to JSON|
|VHDL||Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language|
|OpenCL||Open Computing Language|
|Haml||HTML Abstraction Markup Language|
|J||Array programming language based primarily on APL|
|LabVIEW||Designed to enable domain experts to build power systems quickly|
|Hack||For the HipHop Virtual Machine (HHVM), created as a dialect of PHP|
|V||Statically typed compiled language to build maintainable software|
|PostScript||Page description language in electronic and desktop publishing|
|Arduino||Inexpensive, flexible, open source microcontroller platform|
|Nim||Statically typed compiled systems language with syntax resembling Python|
|Emacs Lisp||A dialect of the Lisp programming language.|
|Octave||High-level language, primarily intended for numerical computations|
|Bash||‘Bourne-Again-SHell’ is both a shell and programming language|
|Limbo||Designed for applications running distributed systems on small computers|
|CSS||CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) specifies a web page’s appearance|
|Raku||Member of the Perl family of programming languages|
|Coq||Dependently typed language similar to Agda, Idris, F*, Lean, and others|