Programming Tutorials

Excellent Free Tutorials to Learn XML

XML is a set of rules for defining semantic tags that describe the structure and meaning of a document.

The user of XML chooses the names and placement of the tags to convey the nature of the data stored in a document. XML can be used to markup any data file to make it easier to understand and process.

In addition, it has been applied to many special domains of data: mathematics, music, vector graphics, the spoken word, financial data, chemical symbols, and web pages among others.

Here’s our recommended free tutorials to help you master XML. If you need more in-depth material, try our recommended free XML books.


1. The XML Revolution by Anders Moller and Michael I. Schwartzbach

This set of tutorials explain the following topics: HTML and XML, Namespaces, XInclude, and XML Base, DTD, XML Schema, and DSD , XLink, XPointer and XPath, XSL and XSLT, XQuery, DOM, SAX, and JDOM, World Wide Web Consortium.

Read the tutorials


2. Using XML Technologies Lecture Notes

The lecture notes covers the following topics: Introduction to XML, Document Type Definitions, Document Object Model, XML Schemas, Simple API for XML, XSL Transformations, Relax NG, XQuery, JDOM, XML-RPC.

Read the lecture notes


3. XML and Databases by Ronald Bourret

This paper gives a high-level overview of how to use XML with databases. It describes how the differences between data-centric and document-centric documents affect their usage with databases, how XML is commonly used with relational databases, and what native XML databases are and when to use them.

Read the paper


4. Learn XML in Y minutes by João Farias and contributors

XML is a markup language designed to store and transport data. It is supposed to be both human readable and machine readable.

Unlike HTML, XML does not specify how to display or to format data, it just carries it.

Read the tutorial


5. XML for the absolute beginner by JavaWorld

This is a guided tour from HTML to processing XML with Java.

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6. XML Basics

This note covers the following topics: introduction, the anatomy of XML document, components of XML document, XML validation, rules for well-formed XML document, XML DTD, more XML components, references, reading list.

Read the guide


All tutorials in this series:

Free Programming Tutorials
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C#Combines the power and flexibility of C++ with the simplicity of Visual Basic
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PHPPHP has been at the helm of the web for many years
RubyGeneral purpose, scripting, structured, flexible, fully object-oriented language
AssemblyAs close to writing machine code without writing in pure hexadecimal
SwiftPowerful and intuitive general-purpose programming language
GroovyPowerful, optionally typed and dynamic language
GoCompiled, statically typed programming language
PascalImperative and procedural language designed in the late 1960s
PerlHigh-level, general-purpose, interpreted, scripting, dynamic language
RDe facto standard among statisticians and data analysts
COBOLCommon Business-Oriented Language
ScalaModern, object-functional, multi-paradigm, Java-based language
FortranThe first high-level language, using the first compiler
ScratchVisual programming language designed for 8-16 year-old children
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RustIdeal for systems, embedded, and other performance critical code
LispUnique features - excellent to study programming constructs
AdaALGOL-like programming language, extended from Pascal and others
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SchemeGeneral-purpose, functional, language descended from Lisp and Algol
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ClojureDialect of the Lisp programming language
JuliaHigh-level, high-performance language for technical computing
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VimLPowerful scripting language of the Vim editor
OCamlGeneral-purpose, powerful, high-level language
AwkVersatile language designed for pattern scanning and processing
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ChapelParallel-programming language in development at Cray Inc.
DylanMulti-paradigm language, supports functional & object-oriented programming
DGeneral-purpose systems programming language with a C-like syntax
SolidityObject-oriented, high-level language for implementing smart contracts
XMLSet of rules for defining semantic tags that describe the structure and meaning
ValaObject-oriented language with a self-hosting compiler that generates C code
ECMAScriptBest known as the language embedded in web browsers
KotlinStatically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference
TypeScriptStrict syntactical superset of JavaScript, adding optional static typing
MarkdownPlain text formatting syntax designed to be easy-to-read and easy-to-write
PikeInterpreted, general-purpose, high-level, cross-platform, dynamic language
HTMLHyperText Markup Language
FactorDynamic stack-based language
Objective-CGeneral purpose language which is a superset of C
Standard MLOne of the two main dialects of the ML language
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