HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is used to create web pages and other information that is intended for display in a web browser. Each markup code is known as an element or a tag. The web developer uses these elements to describe and define the content of a webpage. The elements tell the web browser how to display the information (both text and images) to the user.
HTML has seen a number of revisions. HTML5 is the fifth revision of the HTML standard. HTML5 makes for a rich user experience with the canvas and SVG elements, native elements video and audio which allow video and audio to be placed directly in the HTML code. Other important new features include web storage, which offers a more secure and faster alternative than cookies, and geolocation, the heart of every location-based application.
Here’s our recommended tutorials to learn HTML. If you’re looking for free HTML programming books, check here.
1. Learn to Code HTML & CSS by Shay Howe
Learn to Code HTML & CSS is a simple and comprehensive guide dedicated to helping beginners learn HTML and CSS. Outlining the fundamentals, this guide works through all common elements of front-end design and development.
2. Marksheet by Jeremy Thomas
Marksheet is a free HTML and CSS tutorial that’s well presented offering clear, concise information..
3. Code Guide by @mdo
This tutorial is a good outline of standards for developing consistent, flexible, and sustainable HTML and CSS.
4. Dash by General Assembly!
Dash is a fun and free online course that teaches you the basics of web development through projects you can do in your browser.
5. Google HTML/CSS Style Guide
This document defines formatting and style rules for HTML and CSS. It aims at improving collaboration, code quality, and enabling supporting infrastructure. It applies to raw, working files that use HTML and CSS, including GSS files. Tools are free to obfuscate, minify, and compile as long as the general code quality is maintained.
6. HTML Tutorials by HTML Dog
Step-by-step guides to get you up and running.
All tutorials in this series:
|Free Programming Tutorials|
|Java||General-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, high-level language|
|C||General-purpose, procedural, portable, high-level language|
|Python||General-purpose, structured, powerful language|
|C++||General-purpose, portable, free-form, multi-paradigm language|
|C#||Combines the power and flexibility of C++ with the simplicity of Visual Basic|
|PHP||PHP has been at the helm of the web for many years|
|Ruby||General purpose, scripting, structured, flexible, fully object-oriented language|
|Assembly||As close to writing machine code without writing in pure hexadecimal|
|Swift||Powerful and intuitive general-purpose programming language|
|Groovy||Powerful, optionally typed and dynamic language|
|Go||Compiled, statically typed programming language|
|Pascal||Imperative and procedural language designed in the late 1960s|
|Perl||High-level, general-purpose, interpreted, scripting, dynamic language|
|R||De facto standard among statisticians and data analysts|
|COBOL||Common Business-Oriented Language|
|Scala||Modern, object-functional, multi-paradigm, Java-based language|
|Fortran||The first high-level language, using the first compiler|
|Scratch||Visual programming language designed for 8-16 year-old children|
|Lua||Designed as an embeddable scripting language|
|Logo||Dialect of Lisp that features interactivity, modularity, extensibility|
|Rust||Ideal for systems, embedded, and other performance critical code|
|Lisp||Unique features - excellent to study programming constructs|
|Ada||ALGOL-like programming language, extended from Pascal and others|
|Haskell||Standardized, general-purpose, polymorphically, statically typed language|
|Scheme||General-purpose, functional, language descended from Lisp and Algol|
|Prolog||General purpose, declarative, logic programming language|
|Forth||Imperative stack-based programming language|
|Clojure||Dialect of the Lisp programming language|
|Julia||High-level, high-performance language for technical computing|
|SQL||Access and manipulate data held in a relational database management system|
|Erlang||General-purpose, concurrent, declarative, functional language|
|VimL||Powerful scripting language of the Vim editor|
|OCaml||General-purpose, powerful, high-level language|
|Awk||Versatile language designed for pattern scanning and processing|
|Racket||Platform for programming language design and implementation|
|BASIC||Family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages|
|LaTeX||Professional document preparation system and document markup language|
|Elixir||Relatively new functional language that runs on the Erlang virtual machine|
|Dart||Client-optimized programming language for fast apps|
|ABAP||Advanced Business Application Programming|
|F#||General purpose, strongly typed, multi-paradigm language. Part of ML|
|Chapel||Parallel-programming language in development at Cray Inc.|
|Dylan||Multi-paradigm language, supports functional & object-oriented programming|
|D||General-purpose systems programming language with a C-like syntax|
|Solidity||Object-oriented, high-level language for implementing smart contracts|
|XML||Set of rules for defining semantic tags that describe the structure and meaning|
|Vala||Object-oriented language with a self-hosting compiler that generates C code|
|ECMAScript||Best known as the language embedded in web browsers|
|Kotlin||Statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference|
|Markdown||Plain text formatting syntax designed to be easy-to-read and easy-to-write|
|Pike||Interpreted, general-purpose, high-level, cross-platform, dynamic language|
|HTML||HyperText Markup Language|
|Factor||Dynamic stack-based language|
|Objective-C||General purpose language which is a superset of C|
|Standard ML||One of the two main dialects of the ML language|
|Alice||Educational language with an integrated development environment|
|Agda||Dependently typed functional language based on intuitionistic type theory|
|Icon||High-level, general-purpose language|
|PureScript||Small strongly, statically typed language with expressive types|
|Tcl||Dynamic language based on concepts of Lisp, C, and Unix shells|
|QML||Hierarchical declarative language for user interface layout with a syntax to JSON|
|VHDL||Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language|
|OpenCL||Open Computing Language|