GNOME – finely crafted desktop environment

Last Updated on December 7, 2022

GNOME is a desktop environment for Unix-like operating systems, composed entirely of free and open-source software. It provides a graphical user interface and a set of core applications, and the GNOME Development Platform, a framework for building applications that integrate with the desktop.

It’s the default desktop environment on many major Linux distributions including Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu, SUSE Linux Enterprise (exclusively), Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, Oracle Linux, Scientific Linux, SteamOS, Tails, Kali Linux, Antergos and Endless OS.

GNOME 3 lets you do the things you want without getting in the way. It won’t bother you or badger you with demands, and it has been designed to help you comfortably deal with notifications.

GNOME runs on Wayland and the X Window System.

  • Focused working environment that helps you to get things done.
  • Consistent and integrated experience. GNOME programs share a coherent style of graphical user interface (GUI).
  • Dock.
  • Activities.
  • Search box.
  • Calendar and Notifications area.
  • Status menu
  • Applications menu.
  • Side-by-side windows makes it easy to view several documents at the same time.
  • Seamlessly integrate with your online accounts, so that all your data can be accessed from the same place.
  • GNOME Shell – the official user interface of the environment. It offers a top bar holding an Activities button, an application menu, a clock, and an integrated system status menu.
  • Activities Overview – comes with a launcher-like favorites bar.
  • Gnome Online Accounts – share data from online services. It supports many services including Google, Flickr, Facebook, Nextcloud and others.
  • Built-in screencast recorder – start recording with Ctrl+Alt+Shift+R.
  • A desktop environment physically and cognitively ergonomic for people with disabilities.
  • Night Light – changes the color temperature.

Support: Documentation, Wiki
Developer: The GNOME Project
License: GNU General Public License v2 or later


GNOME is written in a number of languages including C, XML, C++, C#, HTML, Vala, Python, and JavaScript.

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