Programming Books

13 Excellent Free Books to Learn Ada

9. SPARK Ada for the MISRA-C Developer by Yannick Moy


This book presents the SPARK technology — the SPARK subset of Ada and its supporting static analysis tools — through an example-driven comparison with the rules in the widely known MISRA C subset of the C language.

MISRA C appeared in 1998 as a coding standard for C; it focused on avoiding error-prone programming features of the C programming language rather than on enforcing a particular programming style.

The popularity of the C programming language, as well as its many traps and pitfalls, have led to the huge success of MISRA C in domains where C is used for high-integrity sofware.

Chapters cover:

  • Enforcing Basic Program Consistency.
  • Enforcing Basic Syntactic Guarantees.
  • Enforcing Strong Typing.
  • Initializing Data Before Use.
  • Controlling Side Effects.
  • Detecting Undefined Behavior.
  • Detecing Unreachable Code and Dead Code.

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10. Ada 95 Reference Manual

Ada 95 Reference ManualThis Ada 95 Reference Manual is essentially identical to the new International Standard ISO/IEC 8652:1995(E) for the Ada programming language.

The thorough technical revisions and extensions documented in this manual are built on broad participation from the international Ada community and generous support by leading institutions. Over 750 submitted revision requests were evaluated, and the resulting enhancements make Ada 95 an outstanding language. The flexibility of languages such as C++, modern features such as object orientation, and improved interfacing capabilities have been added to the reliable software engineering capabilities provided and proven for over a decade by the predecessor version Ada 83; furthermore, upward compatibility from Ada 83 to Ada 95 has been achieved.

Chapters cover:

Core Language

  • General.
  • Lexical Elements.
  • Declarations and Types.
  • Names and Expressions.
  • Statements.
  • Subprograms.
  • Packages.
  • Visibility Rules.
  • Tasks and Synchronization.
  • Program Structure and Compilation Issues.
  • Exceptions.
  • Generic Units.
  • Representation Issues.


  • Predefined Language Environment.
  • Interface to Other Languages.
  • Systems Programming.
  • Real-Time Systems.
  • Distributed Systems.
  • Information Systems.
  • Numerics.
  • Safety and Security.
  • Obsolescent Features.
  • Language-Defined Attributes.
  • Language-Defined Pragmas.
  • Implementation-Defined Characteristics.
  • Glossary.
  • Syntax Summary.

The whole package (wrapped in a compressed “tarfile” or “zip file”) may be freely copied and distributed, if accompanied by this statement, and provided that integral copies of all files are included (i.e. no change whatsoever is allowed).

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11. Ada Programming by Wikibooks

Ada ProgrammingThis book is an Ada tutorial covering the Ada 2005 and 2012 standards. If you’re a beginner you will learn the latest standard — if you are a seasoned Ada user you can see what’s new.

This book is intended for professional readers.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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12. Ada for the C++ or Java Developer by Quentin Ochem

Ada for the C++ or Java DeveloperAda for the C++ or Java Developer offers the reader an overview of the Ada language using analogies to C++ and Java. These are the languages you’re already likely to know. No prior knowledge of Ada is assumed.

If you’re working on an Ada project now and need more background, if you’re interested in learning to program in Ada, or if you need to perform an assessment of possible languages to be used for a new development, this guide is designed for you.

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13. The Big Online Book Of Linux Ada Programming by Ken O. Burtch

The Big Online Book Of Linux Ada ProgrammingThe Big Online Book Of Linux Ada Programming introduces ADAD programming in Linux using GNAT, the GNU Ada compiler. It covers basic software development on Linux, a review of the core Ada 95 language, and an introduction to designing programs that work with the Linux kernel and standard C libraries.

According to studies, GCC Ada may allow you to develop Linux applications in half the time compared to C. A language designed for team development and included with most Linux distributions, Ada is a language well-suited for serious open source development and is superior in many ways to C++ or Java. Find out if Ada is right for your project in this 20 chapter reference to using Ada on Linux.

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Pages in this article:
Page 1 – Ada 95: The Lovelace Tutorial and more books
Page 2 – Ada Distilled and more books
Page 3 – SPARK Ada for the MISRA-C Developer and more books

All books in this series:

Free Programming Books
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AssemblyAs close to writing machine code without writing in pure hexadecimal
AwkVersatile language designed for pattern scanning and processing language
BashShell and command language; popular both as a shell and a scripting language
BASICBeginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
CGeneral-purpose, procedural, portable, high-level language
C++General-purpose, portable, free-form, multi-paradigm language
C#Combines the power and flexibility of C++ with the simplicity of Visual Basic
ClojureDialect of the Lisp programming language
ClojureScriptCompiler for Clojure that targets JavaScript
COBOLCommon Business-Oriented Language
CoffeeScriptTranscompiles into JavaScript inspired by Ruby, Python and Haskell
CoqDependently typed language similar to Agda, Idris, F* and others
CrystalGeneral-purpose, concurrent, multi-paradigm, object-oriented language
CSSCSS (Cascading Style Sheets) specifies a web page’s appearance
DGeneral-purpose systems programming language with a C-like syntax
DartClient-optimized language for fast apps on multiple platforms
DylanMulti-paradigm language supporting functional and object-oriented coding
ECMAScriptBest known as the language embedded in web browsers
EiffelObject-oriented language designed by Bertrand Meyer
ElixirRelatively new functional language running on the Erlang virtual machine
ErlangGeneral-purpose, concurrent, declarative, functional language
F#Uses functional, imperative, and object-oriented programming methods
FactorDynamic stack-based programming language
ForthImperative stack-based programming language
FortranThe first high-level language, using the first compiler
GoCompiled, statically typed programming language
GroovyPowerful, optionally typed and dynamic language
HaskellStandardized, general-purpose, polymorphically, statically typed language
HTMLHyperText Markup Language
IconWide variety of features for processing and presenting symbolic data
JArray programming language based primarily on APL
JavaGeneral-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, high-level language
JavaScriptInterpreted, prototype-based, scripting language
JuliaHigh-level, high-performance language for technical computing
KotlinMore modern version of Java
LabVIEWDesigned to enable domain experts to build power systems quickly
LaTeXProfessional document preparation system and document markup language
LispUnique features - excellent to study programming constructs
LogoDialect of Lisp that features interactivity, modularity, extensibility
LuaDesigned as an embeddable scripting language
MarkdownPlain text formatting syntax designed to be easy-to-read and easy-to-write
Objective-CObject-oriented language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to C
OCamlThe main implementation of the Caml language
PascalImperative and procedural language designed in the late 1960s
PerlHigh-level, general-purpose, interpreted, scripting, dynamic language
PHPPHP has been at the helm of the web for many years
PostScriptInterpreted, stack-based and Turing complete language
PrologA general purpose, declarative, logic programming language
PureScriptSmall strongly, statically typed language compiling to JavaScript
PythonGeneral-purpose, structured, powerful language
QMLHierarchical declarative language for user interface layout - JSON-like syntax
RDe facto standard among statisticians and data analysts
RacketGeneral-purpose, object-oriented, multi-paradigm, functional language
RakuMember of the Perl family of programming languages
RubyGeneral purpose, scripting, structured, flexible, fully object-oriented language
RustIdeal for systems, embedded, and other performance critical code
ScalaModern, object-functional, multi-paradigm, Java-based language
SchemeA general-purpose, functional language descended from Lisp and Algol
ScratchVisual programming language designed for 8-16 year-old children
SQLAccess and manipulate data held in a relational database management system
Standard MLGeneral-purpose functional language characterized as "Lisp with types"
SwiftPowerful and intuitive general-purpose programming language
TclDynamic language based on concepts of Lisp, C, and Unix shells
TeXMarkup and programming language - create professional quality typeset text
TypeScriptStrict syntactical superset of JavaScript adding optional static typing
ValaObject-oriented language, syntactically similar to C#
VHDLHardware description language used in electronic design automation
VimLPowerful scripting language of the Vim editor
XMLRules for defining semantic tags describing structure ad meaning
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