Dart – programming language for structured web engineering

Dart is an open-source, dynamically typed, web programming language for structured web engineering developed by Google.

Dart is a class-based, single inheritance, object-oriented language with C-style syntax. It supports interfaces, abstract classes, reified generics, and optional typing. Static type annotations do not affect the runtime semantics of the code. Instead, the type annotations can provide documentation for tools like static checkers and dynamic run time checks.

Dart apps can run natively in a Dart virtual machine (VM) or be compiled to JavaScript.

Features include:

  • Familiar and easy to learn. Dart is class based and purely object oriented.
  • Dynamically-typed language – code without requiring annotations.
  • Supports top-level functions and variables.
  • Classes – provide a set of reusable and extensible building blocks.
  • Lexical scoping.
  • Optionally-typed language – helps a Dart program scale from a quick prototype into a complex, modular application.
  • Mixins.
  • Operator overriding.
  • Dart-to JavaScripter compiler, so that Dart applications can run in all modern web browsers (desktop and mobile). Dart code can also run directly in browsers that have a Dart VM.
  • Core libraries provide all the basics, including support for asynchronous programming with Futures.
  • Designed to work well with tools. A rich set of execution environments, libraries, and development tools have been built to support the language:
    • Dart Editor: An editor that supports creating, modifying, running, and debugging Dart apps.
    • Pub: A package manager that helps developers reuse existing Dart code and bundle Dart apps and libraries for reuse and sharing with other people.
    • dart2js: The Dart-to-JavaScript compiler.
    • dart: The Dart VM.
    • Dartium: Chromium with an embedded Dart VM.

Website: dart.dev
Support: Get Started
Developer: Google, Inc
License: BSD License

Return to New Programming Languages Home Page


Popular series
Linux for StartersNew to Linux? Read our Linux for Starters series. We start right at the basics and teach you everything you need to know to get started with Linux.
Free and Open Source SoftwareThe largest compilation of the best free and open source software in the universe. Each article is supplied with a legendary ratings chart helping you make informed decisions.
Linux ReviewsHundreds of in-depth reviews offering our unbiased and expert opinion on software. We offer helpful and impartial information.
Alternatives to GoogleAlternatives to Google's Products and Services examines your options to migrate from the Google ecosystem with open source Linux alternatives.
MicrosoftAlternatives to Microsoft's Products and Services recommends open source Linux software.
AdobeAlternatives to Adobe Cloud looks at free and open source alternatives to products available from Adobe Cloud's subscription service.
AppleAlternatives to Apple recommends free and open source alternatives to Apple's proprietary world.
CorelAlternatives to Corel surveys alternatives to Corel's range of graphics processing products and other software applications.
DockerGetting Started with Docker helps you master Docker, a set of platform as a service products that delivers software in packages called containers.
Linux System ToolsEssential Linux system tools focuses on small, indispensable utilities, useful for system administrators as well as regular users.
Linux ProductivityLinux utilities to maximise your productivity. Small, indispensable tools, useful for anyone running a Linux machine.
Home Computer EmulatorsHome computers became commonplace in the 1980s. Emulate home computers including the Commodore 64, Amiga, Atari ST, ZX81, Amstrad CPC, and ZX Spectrum.
Now and ThenNow and Then examines how promising open source software fared over the years. It can be a bumpy ride.
Linux at HomeLinux at Home looks at a range of home activities where Linux can play its part, making the most of our time at home, keeping active and engaged.
Linux CandyLinux Candy reveals the lighter side of Linux. Have some fun and escape from the daily drudgery.
Best Free Android AppsBest Free Android Apps. We showcase free Android apps that are definitely worth downloading. There's a strict eligibility criteria for inclusion in this series.
Programming BooksThese best free books accelerate your learning of every programming language. Learn a new language today!
Programming TutorialsThese free tutorials offer the perfect tonic to our free programming books series.
Stars and StripesStars and Stripes is an occasional series looking at the impact of Linux in the USA.
Share this article

Share your Thoughts

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.