Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. The format includes a subset of the PostScript page description programming language, a font-embedding system, and a structural storage system.
Over the years PDF has become an extremely important file format. If you want to create documents that can be viewed under all major operating systems, PDF is the ticket, as it maintains the overall look and feel of documents regardless of what platform they are viewed under.
There is a large range of PDF-related software available with many different applications available that can both output to and open files. Many open source software save documents to this format such as LibreOffice and GIMP.
The purpose of this article is to recommend free and open source PDF development libraries. We are not considering PDF editors, PDF viewers, tools that add an OCR layer to PDF files here. This is because these categories are covered by other articles in our Best Free and Open Source series.
Here’s our recommended PDF libraries.
Let’s explore the 8 libraries at hand. For each program we have compiled its own portal page, a full description with an in-depth analysis of its features, together with links to relevant resources.
|PDF Development Libraries|
|TCPDF||PHP class for generating PDF documents|
|PDFBox||Create, render, print, split, merge, alter, verify and extract text and metadata|
|Poppler||Library for rendering PDF files, and examining or modifying their structure|
|JasperReports||Reporting engine written in Java|
|PoDoFo||Parse PDF files and modify their contents into memory|
|Apache FOP||Print formatter driven by XSL formatting objects|
|OpenPDF||Library for creating and editing PDF files; fork of iText|
|libHaru||Library for generating PDFs|
Read our complete collection of recommended free and open source software. The collection covers all categories of software.
The software collection forms part of our series of informative articles for Linux enthusiasts. There are hundreds of in-depth reviews, open source alternatives to proprietary software from large corporations like Google, Microsoft, Apple, Adobe, IBM, Cisco, Oracle, and Autodesk. There are also fun things to try, hardware, free programming books and tutorials, and much more.