Version control systems play an essential role for developers. First up, they allow developers to safely store successive versions of source code. Besides providing a secure backup of the source code, this type of software lets developers revert back to a stable release if subsequent code changes have unforeseen consequences.
Equally important, revision control tools enable team members to work simultaneously on a project’s code. If you have ever collaborated with other people on a project, you will appreciate the frustration caused by swapping files. Revision control is an excellent way to combat the problem of sharing files between developers without treading on each other’s toes. For open source projects having tens/hundreds of people working on the same code base, revision control software is essential.
Furthermore, version control systems make it possible to create a new branch of the application source code, and work on that branch without affecting the stability of the original version.
To provide an insight into the quality of software that is available, we have compiled a list of 10 high quality free and open source Linux revision control tools. Hopefully, there will be something of interest here for anyone who wants to collaborate with other people on a project.
Let’s explore the 10 revision control tools at hand. For each title we have compiled its own portal page, a full description with an in-depth analysis of its features, together with links to relevant resources.
|Revision Control Tools|
|Git||Used in high profile open source projects, most notably the Linux kernel|
|Subversion||General system that can be used to manage any collection of files|
|Darcs||An advanced revision control system|
|Mercurial||Fast, lightweight Source Control Management system|
|BitKeeper||Distributed source management system|
|dat||Distributed data community for the next generation Web|
|Bazaar||Decentralized version control system designed to be easy to use and intuitive|
|CVS||Concurrent Versions System|
|Monotone||Especially strong in its support of a diverge/merge workflow|
|Fossil||Distributed version control system|
Read our complete collection of recommended free and open source software. The collection covers all categories of software.
The software collection forms part of our series of informative articles for Linux enthusiasts. There's tons of in-depth reviews, alternatives to Google, fun things to try, hardware, free programming books and tutorials, and much more.