Now and Then - Linux Distributions

Now and Then: The Fate of 15 Linux Distributions

A typical desktop Linux distribution consists of various software components including the Linux kernel, a broad collection of programming tools produced by the GNU Project, a graphical server, and other free and open source software.

Due to Linux’s open source nature, there are many hundreds of actively maintained distributions or ‘distros’ of the OS. Linux distros are like Linux software in general. They come and (some) go.

Back in 2006, Distrowatch ranked the following distributions in terms of page hit ranking1. The top ranked distro was Ubuntu. The other places were taken by openSUSE, Fedora, MEPIS, Mandriva, Damn Small, Debian, PCLinuxOS, Slackware, Gentoo, KNOPPIX, FreeBSD, Kubuntu, VectorLinux, and CentOS.

It’s interesting to see how these distributions fared over the past 14 years. Are they still going strong, are they outclassed by other distributions, or are they only remembered like fingerprints on an abandoned handrail?


Distributions still placed in top 15 in 2020

Ubuntu
Ubuntu’s logo

Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, openSUSE are the only distributions that remain in the top 15. They were hugely popular in 2006, and remain so in 2020.

Ubuntu first burst into the Linux scene in October 2004 and is updated every six months. Ubuntu is perhaps the most heard-of Linux distro, and probably still the best. It is Debian-based and appears to outdo all its competitors because of its easy installation and excellent hardware support.

Debian is the most venerable among the 4, launching in September 1993, at a time when Microsoft was selling Windows 3.1.

Fedora and openSUSE are also hugely respected distros, backed by large and knowledgeable communities, and sponsored by RedHat Inc. and SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH respectively.


Active distributions that aren’t placed in top 15 in 2020

CentOS

Nowadays, CentOS flirts around the top 15, but for the past 12 months has just been edged out.

CentOS provides a free, community-supported computing platform functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). CentOS is an extremely capable distribution popular among hosting companies, data centers, and businesses.

PCLinuxOS is a rolling release distro that’s still actively maintained and offers a distinct and somewhat unusual approach. PCLinuxOS was originally forked from Mandriva.

Like Debian, Slackware is a longstanding distribution created in 1993, and the basis for other distros. While its latest release was back in June 2016, work continues on this distro with daily updates to the current pre-release. It remains the longest active Linux distro.

Gentoo is another respected volunteer-driven distro that’s going strong although it doesn’t receive much press coverage.

KNOPPIX is designed to run from a Live CD/DVD or USB flash drive. It can be used as a productive Linux system for the desktop, educational CD, rescue system, or adapted and used as a platform for commercial software product demos.

FreeBSD is, of course, not a Linux distro. While it shares similarities with Linux, it’s an open-source BSD operating system, and the most popular of the BSD systems.

Kubuntu is an official flavour of the Ubuntu operating system. Like Ubuntu, it has a biannual release cycle offering a current version of the KDE desktop at each release.


Distributions that are no longer around

MandrivaMandriva used to be one of our favorite distributions. Sadly this French distribution saw its last release in 2011. But the project lived on in a way. Mageia is a fork of Mandriva Linux formed in September 2010 by former employees and contributors. It’s not nearly as popular today as Mandriva was in 2006 though.

MEPIS was a set of Debian/Ubuntu-based Linux distros designed for both personal and business purposes designed to be simple to use. MEPIS saw its last release in 2013.

Damn Small Linux was designed to run graphical software in older PC hardware.  This was a mini-distro that could fit in a 50MB live CD. It saw its last (preview) release in 2012.

VectorLinux is effectively dead. It hasn’t seen a new release since 2017.


Other Distributions that are placed in top 15 in 2020

Many distributions have entered the top 15, with the top spots taken by MX Linux (Debian-based), Manjaro (Arch-based) and Mint (Ubuntu-based).

The other distros are elementary (Ubuntu-based), Pop! OS (Ubuntu-based), Solus (independently developed), Zorin (Ubuntu-based), deepin (Debian-based), KDE neon (Ubuntu-based), antiX (Debian-based), and Arch (independently developed).


1 It’s important to remember that the page hit ranking has never been an indicator of the popularity of a specific distribution. For a start, it’s easy for malicious users to manipulate Distrowatch’s page hit ranking. Just as important it cannot possibly reflect the usage of any distribution for many reasons.


All the articles in this series:

Now and Then - See How Promising Open Source Software Has Fared
Programming LanguagesGo, Rust, Dart, Julia, Clojure, Elixir and more
File ManagersSpaceFM, gentoo, Marlin, Eagle Mode, and Beesoft Commander
DistributionsThe fate of 15 distributions
Lean Desktop EnvironmentsXfce, ROX Desktop, LXDE, FVWM-Crystal, EDE, and Étoilé
IDEsBrackets, Light Table, Julia Studio, Dart Editor, and Aptana Studio
Music Playersqomp, Lollypop, Yarock, Pragha, and Volumio
Web Browserseww, Liri, Vivaldi, Ubuntu Internet Browser, Fifth, Dooscape, and Breach
Terminal EmulatorsTerminology, Cool-Retro-Term, and Final Term
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11 comments

      1. same. Slackware64-current with KDE+Plasma, wine-staging 5.18.
        I work on it, game with it and the only thing that gives real hassles are kiddie distros that make everything depend on systemd.

        1. Nope, not really… all the systemd distros I’ve tried have far less issues than the non-systemd distros. I’ve been using Linux Mint/Cinnamon for four years, now, without the slightest glitch. To me, experience speaks the loudest so from my experience, I’ll stick with systemd.

  1. Distrowatch rankings mean next to nothing. If you believed them, the makers of MX Linux would dominate the field, and I bet fewer than 0.05% of machines use it and fewer than that have it as their daily driver.

    OpenMandriva is also much better and probably more-used than Mageia, and there are at least two other remaining forks, Rosa and PCLinuxOS.

    1. No one really cares about your opinion about which is the ‘better’ distro. You have no idea what distro is used more than another. Please troll somewhere else.

      0.05%, lol, an invented stat.

  2. Still running SuSE (nowadays OpenSuSE) since more than 25 yaers. Slackware, Debian, Redhat, CentOS, FreeBSD and OpenBSD, all used for testing, learning, demo’s, production for customers, but no distribution could be more pleasant than the German distro without polityical-correct statements about diversiry and such problems stemming from the USA. Socio-clutural problems should be kept apart from Free Software.

  3. Slackware remains my favorite distro, followed by Kubuntu. In Kubuntu’s case, we actually installed Ubuntu and then added kubuntu-desktop. CentOS is probably more popular in the server space than on the desktop. I typically mix between Debian and CentOS on our servers. OpenBSD makes a very good basis for firewalls.

    Glad to have this diversity of options in the Free Software world.

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