File comparison compares the contents of computer files, finding their common contents and their differences. The result of the comparison is often known as a diff.
diff is also the name of a famous console based file comparison utility that outputs the differences between two files. The diff utility was developed in the early 1970s on the Unix operating system. Typically, diff is used to show the changes between two versions of the same file. Modern implementations also support binary files.
Linux has many good GUI tools that enable you to clearly see the difference between two files or two versions of the same file.
These utilities are an essential software development tool, as they visualize the differences between files or directories, merge files with differences, resolve conflicts and save output to a new file or patch, and assist file changes reviewing and comment production (e.g. approving source code changes before they get merged into a source tree). They help developers work on a file, passing it back and forth between each other. The diff tools are not only useful for showing differences in source code files; they can be used on many text-based file types as well. The visualizations make it easier to compare files.
Here’s our ratings chart capturing our verdict. Only free and open source software is eligible for inclusion. DiffPDF is different from the other tools, as it compares two PDF files.
Click the links in the table below to learn more about each tool.
|Meld||Graphical diff viewer and merge application for the Gnome desktop|
|Kompare||KDE diff tool supporting a variety of diff formats|
|Diffuse||Tool for merging and comparing text files|
|TkDiff||Graphical front end to the diff program|
|KDiff3||Text difference analyzer for up to 3 input files|
|DiffPDF||Compare two PDF files|
|xxdiff||File and directories comparator and merge tool|
We cover the best console based diff tools in a separate article available here.
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