Best Free Window Managers

23 Best Free Linux Window Managers

A window manager is software that manages the windows that applications bring up. For example, when you start an application, there will be a window manager running in the background, responsible for the placement and appearance of windows.

It is important not to confuse a window manager with a desktop environment. A desktop environment typically consists of icons, windows, toolbars, folders, wallpapers, and desktop widgets. They provide a collection of libraries and applications made to operate cohesively together. A desktop environment contains its own window manager.

There are four main types of window manager: Compositing, stacking, tiling, and dynamic. This article focuses on selecting the best managers that fit these classes.

Compositing window managers allow windows to be created and drawn separately and then put together and displayed in various 2D and 3D environments.

Stacking window managers allow windows to overlap by drawing background windows first.

Tiling window managers ensure that no window ever covers another.

A dynamic window manager is a tiling window manager where windows are tiled based on preset layouts between which the user can switch. Layouts typically have a main area and a secondary area. The main area usually shows one window, but one can also change the number of windows in this area. Its purpose is to reserve more space for the more important window(s). The secondary area shows the other windows.

To provide an insight into the quality of software that is available, we have rated the best 23 high quality free Linux window managers. Hopefully, there will be something of interest for anyone who wishes to have more control over managing their desktop.

Best Free Window Managers

Now, let’s explore the 23 window managers at hand. For each title we have compiled its own portal page, providing a screenshot of the software in action, a full description with an in-depth analysis of its features, together with links to relevant resources.

Window Managers
i3Improved tiling window manager
OpenboxStandards compliant, fast, light-weight, extensible window manager
XmonadMinimalist, tiling window manager written in Haskell
KWinWindow manager for the KDE Plasma Desktop
dwmManages windows in tiled, monocle and floating layouts
bspwmBased on binary space partitioning
awesomeHighly configurable, tiling window manager initially based on dwm code
MutterWayland display server and X11 window manager and compositor library
StumpWMCommon Lisp window manager
QtileFull-featured, hackable tiling window manager
spectrwmSmall dynamic tiling and reparenting window manager
sowmItsy bitsy floating window manager
wmiiLightweight tabbed and tiled
FVWMPowerful ICCCM-compliant multiple virtual desktop window manager
swayi3-compatible tiling Wayland compositor and a replacement for i3
herbstluftwmBasic tiling concept is that the layout is represented by a binary tree
EXWMFull-featured tiling X window manager for Emacs
FluxboxHighly configurable and low resource
xfwmPart of the Xfce desktop environment
CompizOpenGL window and compositing manager
IceWMWin95-OS/2-Motif-like window manager
BlackboxSimilar to the NeXT interface and Window Maker
JWMJoe’s Window Manager

Read our complete collection of recommended free and open source software. The collection covers all categories of software.

The software collection forms part of our series of informative articles for Linux enthusiasts. There's tons of in-depth reviews, alternatives to Google, fun things to try, hardware, free programming books and tutorials, and much more.
Share this article

Share your Thoughts

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.