Vala is an object-oriented programming language with a self-hosting compiler that generates C code and uses the GObject system.
Vala combines the high-level build-time performance of scripting languages with the run-time performance of low-level programming languages.
Vala is syntactically similar to C# and includes notable features such as anonymous functions, signals, properties, generics, assisted memory management, exception handling, type inference, and foreach statements.
Its developers, Jürg Billeter and Raffaele Sandrini, wanted to bring these features to the plain C runtime with little overhead and no special runtime support by targeting the GObject object system. Rather than compiling directly to machine code or assembly language, it compiles to a lower-level intermediate language. It source-to-source compiles to C, which is then compiled with a C compiler for a given platform, such as GCC.
Did you always want to write GTK+ or GNOME programs, but hate C with a passion? Learn Vala with these free tutorials!
Vala is published under the GNU Lesser General Public License v2.1+.
1. Vala Tutorial by GNOME
This tutorial doesn’t go into depth about basic programming practices. It only briefly explains the principles of object-oriented programming, instead focusing on how Vala applies the concepts. As such it will be helpful if you have experience of a variety of programming languages already, although in-depth knowledge of any particular one is not required.
Vala shares a lot of syntax with C#, but the author seeks to avoid describing features in terms of their similarity or differences with either C# or Java, with the aim of making the tutorial more accessible.
2. Tutorial for beginners and code samples by GNOME
By following these tutorials you will learn the basics of GUI programming using GTK+. You should have thoroughly understood the previous tutorial before embarking on this series.
3. Learn Vala in Y minutes by Milo Gilad
In GNOME’s own words, “Vala is a programming language that aims to bring modern programming language features to GNOME developers without imposing any additional runtime requirements and without using a different ABI compared to applications and libraries written in C.”
Vala has aspects of Java and C#, so it’ll be natural to those who know either.
4. Gtk+ Kick-Start Tutorial for Vala by Alberto Ruiz
This is an eight minute video showing you how to create a simple GTK+ application using the Vala programming language.
5. Vala Language Introduction by Andre Masella
This video provides an overview of the Vala programming language given to co-workers.
6. Create an ElementaryOS app with GTK & Vala! by Egee
This is a two part tutorial on how to make an ElementaryOS app using GTK and Vala.
7. Learn Vala and Gtk+ from Scratch by Alessandro Castellani
A series of 13 short videos that explain how to build native Linux Applications – Learn Vala and Gtk+ from Scratch.
8. Vala for C# Programmers by GNOME
This page describes the syntax differences, not the similarities between Vala and C#. It is intended to be a quick introduction to Vala for programmers who already know C#.
9. Vala for Java Programmers by GNOME
This page describes the syntax differences, not the similarities between Vala and Java. It is intended to be a quick introduction to Vala for programmers who already know Java.
All tutorials in this series:
|Free Programming Tutorials|
|Java||General-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, high-level language|
|C||General-purpose, procedural, portable, high-level language|
|Python||General-purpose, structured, powerful language|
|C++||General-purpose, portable, free-form, multi-paradigm language|
|C#||Combines the power and flexibility of C++ with the simplicity of Visual Basic|
|PHP||PHP has been at the helm of the web for many years|
|Ruby||General purpose, scripting, structured, flexible, fully object-oriented language|
|Assembly||As close to writing machine code without writing in pure hexadecimal|
|Swift||Powerful and intuitive general-purpose programming language|
|Groovy||Powerful, optionally typed and dynamic language|
|Go||Compiled, statically typed programming language|
|Pascal||Imperative and procedural language designed in the late 1960s|
|Perl||High-level, general-purpose, interpreted, scripting, dynamic language|
|R||De facto standard among statisticians and data analysts|
|COBOL||Common Business-Oriented Language|
|Scala||Modern, object-functional, multi-paradigm, Java-based language|
|Fortran||The first high-level language, using the first compiler|
|Scratch||Visual programming language designed for 8-16 year-old children|
|Lua||Designed as an embeddable scripting language|
|Logo||Dialect of Lisp that features interactivity, modularity, extensibility|
|Rust||Ideal for systems, embedded, and other performance critical code|
|Lisp||Unique features - excellent to study programming constructs|
|Ada||ALGOL-like programming language, extended from Pascal and others|
|Haskell||Standardized, general-purpose, polymorphically, statically typed language|
|Scheme||General-purpose, functional, language descended from Lisp and Algol|
|Prolog||General purpose, declarative, logic programming language|
|Forth||Imperative stack-based programming language|
|Clojure||Dialect of the Lisp programming language|
|Julia||High-level, high-performance language for technical computing|
|SQL||Access and manipulate data held in a relational database management system|
|Erlang||General-purpose, concurrent, declarative, functional language|
|VimL||Powerful scripting language of the Vim editor|
|OCaml||General-purpose, powerful, high-level language|
|Awk||Versatile language designed for pattern scanning and processing|
|Racket||Platform for programming language design and implementation|
|BASIC||Family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages|
|LaTeX||Professional document preparation system and document markup language|
|Elixir||Relatively new functional language that runs on the Erlang virtual machine|
|Dart||Client-optimized programming language for fast apps|
|ABAP||Advanced Business Application Programming|
|F#||General purpose, strongly typed, multi-paradigm language. Part of ML|
|Chapel||Parallel-programming language in development at Cray Inc.|
|Dylan||Multi-paradigm language, supports functional & object-oriented programming|
|D||General-purpose systems programming language with a C-like syntax|
|Solidity||Object-oriented, high-level language for implementing smart contracts|
|XML||Set of rules for defining semantic tags that describe the structure and meaning|
|Vala||Object-oriented language with a self-hosting compiler that generates C code|
|ECMAScript||Best known as the language embedded in web browsers|
|Kotlin||Statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference|
|Markdown||Plain text formatting syntax designed to be easy-to-read and easy-to-write|
|Pike||Interpreted, general-purpose, high-level, cross-platform, dynamic language|
|HTML||HyperText Markup Language|
|Factor||Dynamic stack-based language|
|Objective-C||General purpose language which is a superset of C|
|Standard ML||One of the two main dialects of the ML language|
|Alice||Educational language with an integrated development environment|
|Agda||Dependently typed functional language based on intuitionistic type theory|
|Icon||High-level, general-purpose language|
|PureScript||Small strongly, statically typed language with expressive types|
|Tcl||Dynamic language based on concepts of Lisp, C, and Unix shells|
|QML||Hierarchical declarative language for user interface layout with a syntax to JSON|
|VHDL||Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language|
|OpenCL||Open Computing Language|
|Haml||HTML Abstraction Markup Language|
|J||Array programming language based primarily on APL|
|LabVIEW||Designed to enable domain experts to build power systems quickly|
|Hack||For the HipHop Virtual Machine (HHVM), created as a dialect of PHP|
|V||Statically typed compiled language to build maintainable software|
|PostScript||Page description language in electronic and desktop publishing|
|Arduino||Inexpensive, flexible, open source microcontroller platform|
|Nim||Statically typed compiled systems language with syntax resembling Python|
|Emacs Lisp||A dialect of the Lisp programming language.|
|Octave||High-level language, primarily intended for numerical computations|
|Bash||‘Bourne-Again-SHell’ is both a shell and programming language|
|Limbo||Designed for applications running distributed systems on small computers|
|CSS||CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) specifies a web page’s appearance|
|Raku||Member of the Perl family of programming languages|
|Coq||Dependently typed language similar to Agda, Idris, F*, Lean, and others|