If your machine won’t boot from the graphical install CD, either
because you have a new videocard that’s not properly supported (GeForce
8800 series or newer) or you have an older unsupported chipset (notably
the i915 integrated graphics), you’ll need to use the nongraphical
installer, which is called the alternate installer, for your
architecture. Download the correct alternate CD for your CPU (again
from Ubuntu's download
page) and follow the prompts.
Connect to the
Getting your machine on the network is simple with Ubuntu, whether
you use a wired connection or Wi-Fi. When you first boot, the only icon
in your system tray at the top of the screen should be for networking.
Simply click it, enter your SSID and WPA or WEP key (if necessary), and
you’ll be on the network.
There are two ways to install programs on your new Ubuntu machine.
The simplest is to use the Add/Remove panel, which lets you see all the
software available to you from Ubuntu software repositories on the
Internet. Most apps include a useful description, so if you search for
Photo Manager, you’re sure to find some worthy candidates.
Sometimes you’ll need to fire up the more powerful Synaptic Package
Manager, which you’ll find in System > Administration. After
entering your password, click the Reload button to make sure the list
of available apps is up to date. Synaptic provides a powerful search
and easy filters that will help you find all the details of the
applications installed on your system. You can see what apps are
installed and which have updates available. If you want to update a
single program to the latest available version, Synaptic is the easiest
way to do that—just search for the software package, right-click it,
and select “Mark for upgrade.”
You’ll occasionally need to add a new repository to your Linux
install. A repository is just a server that contains software that’s
configured and ready to run on your machine. If you want to install
apps that aren’t included by default with Ubuntu, you’ll need to enable
other respositories. To add a respository, you’ll need its apt line,
which gives the software manager all the info it needs to access the
repository (we’ll include some throughout this article). Open Synaptic
and click Settings > Repositories. Go to the Third-Party tab and
click Add; then type the apt line, exactly as it appears, in the
window. Click Add Source, then click Close.
There’s a lot of controversy surrounding the use of closed-source
drivers for graphics hardware, but they’re the only option for 3D
acceleration in Linux right now. The procedure for Nvidia and ATI
hardware is a little different.
Install Nvidia GPU Drivers
closed-source 3D-accelerated drivers is easy with Feisty. Go to System
> Administration > Synaptic Package Manager and search for the
nvidia-glx package. Right-click the selection and select “Mark for
installation.” You’ll be prompted with a list of dependencies, which
you’ll need to approve for the application to work. Click Apply to
download and install the app. Then open a new terminal (Applications
> Accessories > Terminal) and run this command: sudo nvidia-xconfig –add-argb-glx-visuals; follow
the prompts and reboot.
Install ATI GPU Drivers
Installing ATI drivers
is a little more complex. First, you’ll need to disable the Composite
option in your xorg.conf. Open a terminal and type sudo
In the gedit window, scroll to the section labeled Extensions and
change the Option “Composite” line from “Enabled” to “Disabled”. Then
in your already opened terminal window, type the following six
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install linux-restricted-modules-$(uname –r)
sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx
sudo depmod –a
sudo aticonfig –initial
sudo aticonfig –overlay-type=Xv
You’ll need to reboot your system to enable the driver.
This one’s pretty simple: All you have to do is open the
Applications menu, click Add/Remove, then change the Show: dropdown to
read “All available applications.” Search for “Restricted” and check
the box next to the package that comes up. This will install support
for Flash, Java, some closed audio and video codecs, and TrueType
fonts. On previous versions of Linux, installing this stuff was an
absolute nightmare that could take several hours, and you weren’t
guaranteed success even after you spent that time!
Copy This Article!
article has been published by maximumpc.com under the Creative Commons
license, whichs means you can download, share, or change it however you
wish. LinuxLinks.com will be making extensive updates to this
Last Updated Friday, May 11 2007 @ 12:56 PM EDT