Newbies What Next ? News Forums Calendar


News Sections
General News (3987/0)
Reviews (637/0)
Press Releases (465/0)
Distributions (197/0)
Software (915/0)
Hardware (537/0)
Security (192/0)
Tutorials (356/0)
Off Topic (181/0)

User Functions


Don't have an account yet? Sign up as a New User

There are no upcoming events

Linux Guide - F

  • FAQ
    Frequently Asked Questions: these are lists of questions that occur frequently on Usenet newsgroups, they are posted at regular intervals and archived at several sites
  • FDDI
    Fiber Distributed Data Interface - a 100 Mbps Local Area Network, defined by ANSI and OSI standard
  • fg
    A built-in shell command that will take a suspended process and run it in the foreground.
  • field
    In text-processing, a segment of a line of text that may be named and processed by a program. The sort program can use fields when it sorts lines in a file. In Linux, fields are usually separated by spaces or tab
  • field separator
    A character, also called a delimiter, that is used to separate one field from another. The default field separator for many programs, such as sort, is a blank space (or a tab)
  • file extension
    In filenames, the group of letters after the period is called the file extension
  • File Manager
    software that allows you to select, copy, move, and open files and directories in a graphical environment.
  • file server
    A process that provides access to a file from remote devices.
  • file system
    the physical or logical device that holds a collection of files and directories. This might be a hard disk drive or a partition on a disk drive
  • file type
    A description of the function of a file. These types include ordinary files, directories, and special files, which represent devices in the system
  • filter
    A program that takes a set of data (usually in a file) as input, processes the data, and makes the processed data its output. Some examples of filters include grep, sort, awk, and sed
  • finger
    A user information lookup program that shows a person's full name, most recent log-in time, and other information
  • firewall
    a device that protects a private network from the public part (the internet as a whole)
  • firmware
    Programming that is inserted into programmable read-only memory (PROM), thus becoming a permanent part of a computing device. Firmware is created and tested like software (using microcode simulation). When ready, it can be distributed like other software and, using a special user interface, installed in the programmable read-only memory by the user. Firmware is sometimes distributed for printers, modems, and other computer devices.
  • fixed width fonts
    Look like typewriter text, because each character is the same width. This quality is desirable for something like a text editor or a computer console, but not desirable for the body text of a long document. See variable width fonts
    A measure of processor performance based on floating point operations per second
  • focus
    The command line of a terminal has the focus when the actual input is being directed to it.
  • font
    A character set or typeface family denoting a particular size and style, either for on-screen display or printing, usually on a laser or inkjet printer. Popular fonts are Times New Roman, Helvetica and Courier
  • foreground
    A conceptual location in a computer system where interaction takes place between a user and a process initiated by the user; the opposite of background
  • fork
    A Linux system call used by a process (the "parent") to make a copy (the "child") of itself. The child process is identical to the parent except it has a different process identifier and a zero return value from the fork call. It is assumed to have used no resources
  • Fortran
    FORmula TRANslator - The first and still the most widely used programming language for numerical and scientific applications. The original versions lacked recursive procedures and block structure and had a line-oriented syntax in which certain columns had special significance
  • FORTRAN 77
    A popular version of FORTRAN with Block IF, PARAMETER and SAVE statements added, but still no WHILE. It has fixed-length character strings, format-free I/O, and arrays with lower bounds
  • Fortran 90
    An extensive enlargement of FORTRAN 77. Fortran 90 has derived types, assumed shape arrays, array sections, functions returning arrays, case statement, module subprograms and internal subprograms, optional and keyword subprogram arguments, recursion, and dynamic allocation
  • freeware
    software that is freely distributable but the copyright remains with the original author(s)
  • fsck
    audits and interactively repairs inconsistent conditions for the file systems on mass storage device files
  • FSF
    Free Software Foundation. The FSF owns most of the offical GNU SW and licences its use with the 3000 word GPL and 4000 word LGPL licences
  • FSP
    A file transfer system similar to FTP, distinguished by the ability for servers to run on any port without requiring special privledges, and the lower system load from FSP servers than from FTP
  • FTP
    File Transfer Protocol - allows a user to transfer files electronically from remote computers back to the user's computer. Part of the TCP/IP/TELNET software suite
  • FUD
    Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt: a special set of tactics used by monopolies to stifle and subvert competitors by spreading the (usually false) perception that the alternative choices are unreliable, unstable, or otherwise risky
  • full pathname
    the name of a directory or file in relation to the root (/) directory
  • full-duplex
    A communication mode that allows data to flow in both directions simultaneously
  • fuzzy hashing
    a hashing scheme which can handle range based lookups and multiple keys. It was born from debugging problems arising from from the removal of the old AVL tree mechanism for finding the virtual memory area (vma) associated with a page fault

Key:  Commands - People - General

Last Updated Saturday, December 04 2004 @ 10:37 AM EST

We have written a range of guides highlighting excellent free books for popular programming languages. Check out the following guides: C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, CoffeeScript, HTML, Python, Ruby, Perl, Haskell, PHP, Lisp, R, Prolog, Scala, Scheme, Forth, SQL, Node.js (new), Fortran (new), Erlang (new), Pascal (new), and Ada (new).

Group Tests
100 Essential Apps
All Group Tests

Top Free Software
5 Office Suites
3 Lean Desktops
7 Document Processors
4 Distraction Free Tools
9 Project Management
4 Business Solutions
9 Groupware Apps
14 File Managers
10 Databases
21 Backup Tools
21 Productivity Tools
5 Note Taking Apps
9 Terminal Emulators
21 Financial Tools
5 Bitcoin Clients
21 Text Editors
21 Video Emulators
21 Home Emulators
42 Graphics Apps
6 CAD Apps
42 Scientific Apps
10 Web Browsers
42 Email Apps
12 Instant Messaging
10 IRC Clients
7 Twitter Clients
12 News Aggregators
11 VoIP Apps
42 Best Games
9 Steam Games
42 Audio Apps
5 Music Streaming
42 Video Apps
5 YouTube Tools
80 Security Apps
9 System Monitoring
8 Geometry Apps
Free Console Apps
14 Multimedia
4 Audio Grabbers
9 Internet Apps
3 HTTP Clients
5 File Managers
8 Compilers
9 IDEs
9 Debuggers
7 Revision Control Apps
6 Doc Generators
Free Web Software
21 Web CMS
14 Wiki Engines
8 Blog Apps
6 eCommerce Apps
5 Human Resource Apps
10 ERP
10 CRM
6 Data Warehouse Apps
8 Business Intelligence
6 Point-of-Sale

Other Articles
Migrating from Windows
Back up your data
20 Free Linux Books
24 Beginner Books
12 Shell Scripting Books

Older Stories
Saturday 05/16
  • 9 First Steps with Ubuntu 15.04 (0)
  • Excellent Console Log File Analyzers (0)

  • Monday 05/04
  • 100 Essential Free Apps (0)

  • Saturday 04/25
  • What are good command line HTTP clients? (0)

  • Sunday 04/12
  • First Peek at XBian on the Raspberry Pi 2 (0)

  • Saturday 04/04
  • First Look at OSMC RC on the Raspberry Pi 2 (0)

  • Sunday 03/29
  • First Steps with OpenELEC on the Raspberry Pi 2 (0)
  • Ubuntu MATE 15.04 for Raspberry Pi 2 (0)

  • Monday 03/16
  • MIPS Creator CI20 v Raspberry Pi 2 (0)
  • Raspberry Pi 2: Raspbian (ARMv6) v Linaro (ARMv7) (0)

  • Vote

    What Linux distribution do you run on your main computer?

    993 votes | 3 comments

    Built with GeekLog and phpBB
    Comments to the webmaster are welcome
    Copyright 2009 - All rights reserved