Programming Languages to Shake up the Mix?
Like a fine wine, programming languages get better with age.
Programming languages take years to become established and
dominant. The deciding factor for many programmers when selecting a
language for a particular project has been popularity and
language acceptance, so this is a hard cycle to break for newcomers.
The chart below depicts the most commonly used programming
languages (with the exception of Assembler) and the date that they
first appeared. As you can see, there are 20 languages shown, and not
one of them first appeared after the year 2000. Some of them stepped
forward decades ago into the public horizon, and yet still remain
popular to this day.
There is a plethora of mature programming languages to
choose from with all different types. Functional languages,
object-oriented languages, dynamic languages,
compiled languages, declarative languages, interpreted languages,
scripting languages, and imperative languages are some of the different
Even with these mature competitors, new languages still
continue to emerge at a surprising frequency. Some of the new languages
by large corporations looking to usurp their rivals' languages, others
have started as personal projects snowballing with contributions from
other developers. Programming is constantly developing. We have
witnessed hardware changes such as multicore CPUs and general purpose
computing on graphics processing units (GPUs), as well as cloud
and distributed architectures. Existing languages do not always lend
themselves well to the new possibilities that are available.
Multicore machines and hyperthreading technology have enabled
marked performance improvements to computionally intensive
applications. The GPU offers the potential
for even higher performance, and not confined only to graphics
rendering. With a
massively parallel array of integer and floating-point processors and
high-speed memory, the GPU can accelerate applications that
are computionally intensive and massively parallel.
This article looks at 11 newfangled programming languages,
each of which approaches programming in a fresh, modern way. Whilst it
unlikely that many of these languages will displace the established
languages, a few may become mainstream.
OpenCL is the most mature framework for writing programs that execute
across CPUs, GPUs, and other processors. We also include two other GPU
programming languages worthy of recognition.
Now, let's explore the 11 programming languages at hand.
For each title we have compiled its own portal page, a full description
with an in-depth analysis of its features, together with links to
relevant resources and reviews.
|New Programming Languages
web programming developed by
approach to scientific computing
||Dynamic programming language targeting the
Java Virtual Machine
high-level, multiplatform programming
||General purpose object-oriented programming language
||Modern approach to programming for the Erlang VM
garbage-collected language with fast compilation
||Safe, concurrent, practical language
execution, modularity, great tooling
||Declarative, domain specific language for programming
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Last Updated Saturday, September 14 2013 @ 05:08 AM EDT