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9 of the Best Free Prolog Books - Part 2

9 of the Best Free Prolog Books - Part 2

4. Building Expert Systems in Prolog

Building Expert Systems in Prolog
Website www.amzi.com/ExpertSystemsInProlog/index.php
Author Dennis Merritt
Format HTML
Pages 298

Building Expert Systems in Prolog is aimed at the Prolog programmer interested in either building expert systems or experimenting with various expert system techniques.

The author chooses a step-by-step approach to building systems, explaining the concepts and showing the Prolog code at each stage. The book builds on simple beginning systems and progresses up to relatively sophisticated expert system tools. It does not emphasize techniques of logic programming or the particularities of Prolog, but rather, emphasizes Prolog as an efficient software development tool, and teaches how to build expert systems and design the necessary tools. It is recommended (but not required) that the reader use a Prolog interpreter along with reading this book, to experiment with the various Prolog examples given throughout the text.

Chapters cover:

  • Introduction
  • Using Prolog's Inference Engine - a built-in backward chaining inference engine that can be used to partially implement some expert systems
  • Backward Chaining with Uncertainty - describes an expert system shell, called Clam, which supports backward chaining with uncertainty
  • Explanation - an important aspect of expert systems is the ability to explain their behavior
  • Forward Chaining - discusses a forward chaining rule based system and its expert system applications. It shows how the forward chaining system works, how to use it, and how to implement it quickly and easily using Prolog
  • Frames - sections on the code, data structure, the manipulation predicates, and using frames
  • Integration - covers foops (frames and Oops), room configuration, and a sample run
  • Performance - describes various indexing schemes can be used to speed up that pattern matching process.
  • User Interface - object oriented window interface, developer's interface to windows, high-level window implementation, and low-level window implementation
  • Two Hybrids - describes two similar expert systems, which were developed at Cullinet Software, a large software vendor for IBM mainframes, VAXes, and PCs. The first, CVGEN, set the system generation (sysgen) parameters for the run time behavior of the system. The second, AIJMP, set all of the parameters that ran an automated installation procedure
  • Prototyping - Prolog is a powerful tool for prototyping the application
  • Rubik's Cube - describes a Prolog program that solves Rubik's cube. The program illustrates many of the knowledge engineering problems in building expert systems

5. Learn Prolog Now!

Learn Prolog Now!
Website www.learnprolognow.org
Author Patrick Blackburn, Johan Bos, Kristina Striegnitz
Format PDF
Pages 284

Learn Prolog Now! is an introduction to the Prolog programming language which focuses on clarity and a down-to-earth approach.

This textbook is widely used at university departments around the world, and for self study. Carefully revised in the light of reader's feedback, and now with answers to all the exercises, here you will find the essential material required to help you learn Prolog.

Chapters cover:

  • Facts, Rules, and Queries - gives simple examples of Prolog programs, and an introduction to the systematic study of Prolog
  • Unification and Proof Search - discusses unification in Prolog, and explains how Prolog unification differs from standard unification. The chapter also explains the search strategy Prolog uses when it tries to deduce new information from old using modus ponens
  • Recursion - introduces recursive definitions in Prolog, and highlights mismatches between the declarative meaning of a Prolog program, and its procedural meaning
  • Lists - introduces lists, an important recursive data structure often used in Prolog programming
  • Arithmetic - introduces Prolog's built-in abilities for performing arithmetic and applies them to simple list processing problems
  • More Lists - defines append/3 and two ways of reversing a list
  • Definite Clause Grammars - introduces context free grammars (CFGs) and some related concepts. It also introduces definite clause grammars (DCGs), a built-in Prolog mechanism for working with context free grammars
  • More Definite Clause Grammars - examines two important capabilities offered by DCG notation, and discusses status and limitations of DCGs
  • A Closer Look at Terms - introduces the == predicate, a detailed examination of term structure, and introduces operators
  • Cuts and Negation - explain how to control Prolog’s backtracking behaviour with the help of the cut predicate, and how cut can be packaged into a more structured form, namely negation as failure
  • Database Manipulation and Collecting Solutions - discusses database manipulation in Prolog, and built-in predicates that let us collect all solutions to a problem into a single list
  • Working With Files - concerned with various aspect of file handling and modularity

6. Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis

Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis

Website www.mtome.com
Author Fernando C.N. Pereira, Stuart Shieber
Format PDF
Pages 204

Prolog and Natural Language Analysis provides a concise and practical introduction to logic programming and the logic-programming language Prolog both as vehicles for understanding elementary computational linguistics and as tools for implementing the basic components of natural-language-processing systems.

The main objective of Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis is to provide a working understanding of basic computational linguistic and logic programming concepts.

Throughout this book, the specific concepts and techniques are given rigorous theoretical justification and are demonstrated with working programs that show how Prolog can be used to solve actual problems in syntax, parsing, and semantic intepretation. These examples culminate in a simple working natural-language question-answering system written in Prolog. Extensive bibliographic notes point the reader to related research and further reading.

Chapters cover:

  • Introduction
  • Database Prolog
  • Pure Prolog
  • Further Topics in Natural-Language Analysis
  • Full Prolog
  • Interpreters

Next Section: 9 of the Best Free Prolog Books - Part 3

This article is divided into three parts:

Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

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Last Updated Sunday, September 29 2013 @ 10:50 AM EDT


We have written a range of guides highlighting excellent free books for popular programming languages. Check out the following guides: C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, CoffeeScript, HTML, Python, Ruby, Perl, Haskell, PHP, Lisp, R, Prolog, Scala, Scheme, Forth, and SQL.


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