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Ubuntu Distribution

Ubuntu Logo

About Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution that is based on Debian GNU/Linux.  It is sponsored by Canonical Ltd which employs the core Ubuntu developers and earns revenue from offering support and consulting services. 

Ubuntu is a relatively recent distribution, with its initial release (a temporary fork of Debian) being made in October 2004.  It primarily uses free software limiting the amount of proprietory software included.  Unlike Debian it does not include many duplicates for each type of software, preferring to select a best-of-breed package for each genre.   This in turn has meant that there are a number of different official variants available, e.g. Kubuntu which uses KDE instead of GNOME as the standard desktop environment. 

This distribution is often recommended as a good starting point for beginners, not overwhelming newbies with a huge choice of software, having a strong package tool (apt - same as debian) making installation/deinstallation of software relatively straightforward, combined with  strong multilingual support.

Ubuntu 8.04 Key Facts

Developer:
Canonical Ltd (Private commercial company)
Price:
Distribution is available for download free of charge; support and consulting services available at commercial rates
Released:
24 April 2008
Installation Media:
CD, DVD, BitTorrent
Architectures supported:
x86, UltraSPARC, AMD64/EM64T, PowerPC
Package Management:
Aptitude
Official Website:
www.ubuntu.com

Kernel
2.6.24 (VMI enabled)
GNOME 2.22.0
KDE 3.5.9
XOrg 1.4.1git
Xfce -
OpenOffice 2.4.0
Evolution 2.22.1
Firefox 3.0b5
Gimp 2.4.5
Python 2.5.2
Perl
5.8.8
Apache 2.2.8
PHP
5.2.4
MySQL       
5.0.51a
PostgreSQL 8.3.1
Samba
3.0.28a
GNU Compiler Collection 4.2.3

CDs require at least 256 MB of RAM. Install requires at least 4 GB of disk space.

Reviews

8.04 ZDNet, Ars TechnicaeWEEKLinux FormatFOSSwire, Digiplace (Dutch)
7.10 (latest stable release) WiredArs TechnicaSynergyMX, lunapark6PC Advisor, Scrapbrain (French), heise (German)
7.04
eWEEK, Software in Review, ExtremeTech, Just Another Tech Blog, Linux.com, Masuran, Seopher, olmwebTechnical Itch, Pro-Linux (German), heise (German)
alpha/beta - ZDNet, UbuntuGeek, Masuran, tuxmachines, blogspot, osnews, cpbotha.net
6.10
LinuxForums.org, Lunapark6, element14, Arsgeek, LinuxPlanet, Software in Review, PerformancePC, GotFrag

Selected Websites

Other Official Websites
Planet Ubuntu, Kubuntu, edubuntu, xubuntu, Community Web Forums, The FridgeLaunchpad, Security Notices
News
UbuntuOS, Debian and Ubuntu News, UbuntuHQFresh Ubuntu, Behind Ubuntu
Support/Forums
Unofficial Ubuntu 6.10 (Edgy Eft) Starter Guide, blogspotDebuntu, Ubuntu-ft (French), ubuntu-forums (Dutch)

Recommended Books




Last Updated Tuesday, May 06 2008 @ 03:33 PM EDT


We have written a range of guides highlighting excellent free books for popular programming languages. Check out the following guides: C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, CoffeeScript, HTML, Python, Ruby, Perl, Haskell, PHP, Lisp, R, Prolog, Scala, Scheme, Forth, SQL, Node.js (new), Fortran (new), Erlang (new), Pascal (new), and Ada (new).


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