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Ubuntu Distribution

Ubuntu Logo

About Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution that is based on Debian GNU/Linux.  It is sponsored by Canonical Ltd which employs the core Ubuntu developers and earns revenue from offering support and consulting services. 

Ubuntu is a relatively recent distribution, with its initial release (a temporary fork of Debian) being made in October 2004.  It primarily uses free software limiting the amount of proprietory software included.  Unlike Debian it does not include many duplicates for each type of software, preferring to select a best-of-breed package for each genre.   This in turn has meant that there are a number of different official variants available, e.g. Kubuntu which uses KDE instead of GNOME as the standard desktop environment. 

This distribution is often recommended as a good starting point for beginners, not overwhelming newbies with a huge choice of software, having a strong package tool (apt - same as debian) making installation/deinstallation of software relatively straightforward, combined with  strong multilingual support.

Ubuntu 8.04 Key Facts

Canonical Ltd (Private commercial company)
Distribution is available for download free of charge; support and consulting services available at commercial rates
24 April 2008
Installation Media:
CD, DVD, BitTorrent
Architectures supported:
x86, UltraSPARC, AMD64/EM64T, PowerPC
Package Management:
Official Website:

2.6.24 (VMI enabled)
GNOME 2.22.0
KDE 3.5.9
XOrg 1.4.1git
Xfce -
OpenOffice 2.4.0
Evolution 2.22.1
Firefox 3.0b5
Gimp 2.4.5
Python 2.5.2
Apache 2.2.8
PostgreSQL 8.3.1
GNU Compiler Collection 4.2.3

CDs require at least 256 MB of RAM. Install requires at least 4 GB of disk space.


8.04 ZDNet, Ars TechnicaeWEEKLinux FormatFOSSwire, Digiplace (Dutch)
7.10 (latest stable release) WiredArs TechnicaSynergyMX, lunapark6PC Advisor, Scrapbrain (French), heise (German)
eWEEK, Software in Review, ExtremeTech, Just Another Tech Blog,, Masuran, Seopher, olmwebTechnical Itch, Pro-Linux (German), heise (German)
alpha/beta - ZDNet, UbuntuGeek, Masuran, tuxmachines, blogspot, osnews,
6.10, Lunapark6, element14, Arsgeek, LinuxPlanet, Software in Review, PerformancePC, GotFrag

Selected Websites

Other Official Websites
Planet Ubuntu, Kubuntu, edubuntu, xubuntu, Community Web Forums, The FridgeLaunchpad, Security Notices
UbuntuOS, Debian and Ubuntu News, UbuntuHQFresh Ubuntu, Behind Ubuntu
Unofficial Ubuntu 6.10 (Edgy Eft) Starter Guide, blogspotDebuntu, Ubuntu-ft (French), ubuntu-forums (Dutch)

Recommended Books

Last Updated Tuesday, May 06 2008 @ 03:33 PM EDT

We have written a range of guides highlighting excellent free books for popular programming languages. Check out the following guides: C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, CoffeeScript, HTML, Python, Ruby, Perl, Haskell, PHP, Lisp, R, Prolog, Scala, Scheme, Forth, SQL, Node.js (new), Fortran (new), Erlang (new), Pascal (new), and Ada (new).

Group Tests
100 Essential Apps
All Group Tests

Top Free Software
5 Office Suites
3 Lean Desktops
7 Document Processors
4 Distraction Free Tools
9 Project Management
4 Business Solutions
9 Groupware Apps
14 File Managers
10 Databases
21 Backup Tools
21 Productivity Tools
5 Note Taking Apps
9 Terminal Emulators
21 Financial Tools
5 Bitcoin Clients
21 Text Editors
21 Video Emulators
21 Home Emulators
42 Graphics Apps
6 CAD Apps
42 Scientific Apps
10 Web Browsers
42 Email Apps
12 Instant Messaging
10 IRC Clients
7 Twitter Clients
12 News Aggregators
11 VoIP Apps
42 Best Games
9 Steam Games
42 Audio Apps
5 Music Streaming
42 Video Apps
5 YouTube Tools
80 Security Apps
9 System Monitoring
8 Geometry Apps
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14 Multimedia
4 Audio Grabbers
9 Internet Apps
3 HTTP Clients
5 File Managers
8 Compilers
9 IDEs
9 Debuggers
7 Revision Control Apps
6 Doc Generators
Free Web Software
21 Web CMS
14 Wiki Engines
8 Blog Apps
6 eCommerce Apps
5 Human Resource Apps
10 ERP
10 CRM
6 Data Warehouse Apps
8 Business Intelligence
6 Point-of-Sale

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Older Stories
Saturday 05/16
  • 9 First Steps with Ubuntu 15.04 (0)
  • Excellent Console Log File Analyzers (0)

  • Monday 05/04
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  • Saturday 04/25
  • What are good command line HTTP clients? (0)

  • Sunday 04/12
  • First Peek at XBian on the Raspberry Pi 2 (0)

  • Saturday 04/04
  • First Look at OSMC RC on the Raspberry Pi 2 (0)

  • Sunday 03/29
  • First Steps with OpenELEC on the Raspberry Pi 2 (0)
  • Ubuntu MATE 15.04 for Raspberry Pi 2 (0)

  • Monday 03/16
  • MIPS Creator CI20 v Raspberry Pi 2 (0)
  • Raspberry Pi 2: Raspbian (ARMv6) v Linaro (ARMv7) (0)

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