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Top : Software : System : Administration : Disk and File

Highlights
Low-Spec Hardware? Try these Desktop Environments
I have selected my pick of desktop environments that are excellent candidates for older hardware. They typically run well on low-spec machines, even a system with a Pentium II 266MHz CPU, a processor that is now 16 years old. All of the desktops are released under freely distributable licenses. If your Linux box feels sluggish in general use, try one of the desktops featured below. It may just save you from discarding a perfectly good machine.

(Read more)
RuneScape
RuneScape is a MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game). In RuneScape you can go exploring, or earn a living practising a craft such as cooking or crafting. Many of the characters in the game can give you quests to explore, each with different rewards. Read more

Links:

  • admedit
    a system configuration file editing tool, which is similar to vipw in that it allows sysadminst to edit configuration files without clobbering changes made simultaneously by other sysadmins
  • Channel 16
    a graphical tool for recovering accidentally deleted files in ext2 filesystem. The application allows users to peer data blocks interactively for finding the right file and save them
  • chkconfig
    a tool to simplify management of the symbolic links in /etc/rc.d under Linux
  • ddrescue
    ddrescue copies data from one file or block device (hard disk, cdrom, etc) to another, trying hard to rescue data in case of read errors. Read more
  • dirgroup
    a script for merging the contents of a directory, /etc/group.d, into the file /etc/group. Storing group information in a directory allows users other than root to own and manage Unix groups
  • diskfree
    diskfree runs through your disk adding up filesizes and then sends an email to you reporting (as best it can) on what space usage differs today from yesterday.
  • DiskScan
    DiskScan is a tool to scan a block device and check if there are unreadable sectors. Additionally, it uses read latency times as an assessment for a near failure as sectors that are problematic to read usually entail many retries.
  • diskWriggler
    a benchmark tool for testing disk-based storage throughput. It has been designed to provide a report that is meaningful to systems engineers working in the film and post-production industries
  • e2compr
    The Linux e2compr package consists of a set of patches and utilities to provide transparent compression and decompression in the second extended (ext2) filesystem.
  • E2fsprogs
    provides the filesystem utilities for use with the ext2 filesystem. It also supports the experimental ext3 filesystem with journaling support
  • e2recover
    e2recover is a suite of tools for assisting in file undeletion from ext2 file systems.
  • e2salvage
    e2salvage is a utility which tries to do in-place data recovery a from damaged ext2 filesystems. Unlike e2fsck, it does not look for the data at particular places and it don't tend to believe the data it finds; thus it can handle much more damaged filesystem. e2salvage tries its best to recover the directory structure of the filesystem, if this fails lost files will be linked to root.
  • eMount
    eMount is a free system administrator tool that can mount, encrypt, and manage disk image files and physical disk drives.
  • Environ
    Environ provides an interface for manipulating your Linux environment.
  • expiredir
    a small perl program for expiring old files in a directory structure. Requires Getopt::Long to function properly
  • ext3undel
    ext3undel is a collection of scripts to help you recover deleted files from ext2/ext3 file systems. ext3undel tries to automate most of the difficult manual work of recovery so that it may be possible to recover a single specified file or all data on a given disk.
  • extcarve
    extcarve is a ext2/ext3/ext4 file recovery and semantic file carving tool. It can recover a range of file formats, including PNG, JPG, GIF, PDF, C/C++ programs, PHP, and HTML.
  • File Ripper
    File Ripper is a file extractor based on header recognition. It can be used to recover files from unfragmented disk images where filesystem information has been lost or otherwise corrupted, or the files have been inadvertently deleted. It detects and extracts PNG, HTML, GIF, ZIP, LBM, PBM, ANM, BAT, BAS, RTF, HLP, WAV, WRI, JPG, ARJ, DOS EXE, ANS, ZZT, FRM, text BAS, BMP, MZB, FLI, MSP, DOC, MZX, GDM, IT, S3M, SAV, BRD, LZH/LHA, MOD, XM, VOC, SVX, ABM, Quetzal, and certain obscure bulletin board system formats.
  • file-utils
    a collection of tools such as recursive chown, recursive chgrp to make a sysadmin's job easier
  • FileTrace
    clone of 'installwatch'. It logs file creation and modification by some process and its children
  • findfile
    will be a collection of tools for recovering files from filesystems with corrupted directories/allocationtables/etc. This can be useful when the partition table (or more) of a hard disk is corrupted
  • G4L
    G4L is a hard disk and partition imaging and cloning tool. The created images are optionally compressed, and they can be stored on a local hard drive or transferred to an anonymous FTP server. A drive can be cloned using the "Click'n'Clone" function. G4L supports file splitting if the local filesystem does not support writing files >2GB. The included kernel supports ATA, serial-ATA, and SCSI drives. Common network cards are supported. It is packaged as a bootable CD image with an ncurses GUI for easy use. Read more
  • genext2fs
    genext2fs generates an ext2 filesystem as a normal (i.e. non-root) user. It doesn't require you to mount the image file to copy files on it. It doesn't even require you to be the superuser to make device nodes or set group/user ids.
  • Ghost for Linux
    Ghost for Linux is a hard disk and partition imaging and cloning tool similar to Norton Ghost(c). The created images are optionally compressed and transferred to an FTP server instead of cloning locally.
  • giis-ext4
    giis-ext4 (gET iT i sAY) is a file recovery tool for Ext4 filesystems.
  • GNOME Disks
    GNOME Disks or simply, Disks, is the disk utility in GNOME. It provides a way to inspect, format, partition and configure disks and block devices. Disks can be used for partition management, S.M.A.R.T. monitoring, benchmarking, and software RAID. Read more
  • GSmartControl
    GSmartControl is a graphical user interface for smartctl. It allows you to inspect the hard drive's SMART data to determine its health, as well as run various tests on it. Read more
  • ide-smart
    ide-smart performs and queries the results of various non destructive tests on a SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) capable IDE device, warning the administrator when a device is about to or already failing.
  • IOzone
    IOzone is a filesystem benchmark tool. The benchmark generates and measures a variety of file operations. Iozone has been ported to many machines and runs under many operating systems. Read more
  • KDE Partition Manager
    KDE Partition Manager allows you to manage your disks, partitions, and file systems. It can create, resize, delete, copy, backup, and restore partitions with a large number of supported file systems (ext2/3, reiserfs, NTFS, FAT32, and more).
  • Kleandisk
    Kleandisk is a utility intended to remove those files from your hard disk you can probably live without.
  • KlinuxScsiManager
    allows you to add or remove SCSI devices to/from your SCSI subsystem on the fly. It is especially useful for external devices such as scanners, tapes, or external CD-drives
  • KPartEd
    KPartEd is a GUI disk partitioning utility for KDE and Qt/Embedded. The partition management is handled using libparted with KPartEd providing an easy to use front end. The partition types currently supported are: ext2, FAT (including VFAT and FAT32), linux swap, HFS, NTFS and ReiserFS.
  • lde
    lde is a disk editor for linux, originally written to help recover deleted files. It has a simple ncurses interface that looks and feels like an old version of Norton Disk Edit for DOS.
  • Logical Volume Manager
    Logical Volume Manager is a subsystem for on-line disk storage management which has become a de-facto standard for storage management accross UNIX implementations.
  • lvm-viewer
    a tool for viewing and managing Logical Volumes. It allows you to visualise your volume groups, physical volumes, and logical volumes
  • Magic Rescue
    Magic Rescue scans a block device for file types it knows how to recover and calls an external program to extract them. It looks at "magic bytes" in file contents, so it can be used both as an undelete utility and for recovering a corrupted drive or partition. As long as the file data is there, it will find it.
  • mdadm
    mdadm is a tool for creating, maintaining, and monitoring Linux "md" device arrays, also known as Software RAID.
  • PartGUI
    a nice Graphical User Interface, which allows Linux partition tools to be as easy to use as commercial tools. It works under XWindow or with the Frame Buffer. It's based on Qt from trolltech. For the moment, it only provides the following parted features: create partition, destroy partition, erase all partitions, and a partition
  • Petal
    a tool for maintaining permissions on trees of Unix files. Petal helps maintain the owner, group, and mode (typically set by the commands chown, chgrp, and chmod, respectively, or their equivalent system calls) by recalling this information from a central data store, i.e. a config file
  • PyMou
    PyMou is a udev specific partition mounter meant for easy mounting of partitions. It is written in python and pygtk. It relies on there being a udev device filesystem in place, and only shows 3 char block devices (sd*/hd*).
  • recover
    recover automates some steps as described in the ext2-undeletion-howto in order to undelete a file. It increases your lost-file-recover-rate a LOT. It's also very useful to beginners!
  • recoverdm
    will help you recover disks with bad sectors. You can recover files as well complete devices. In case if finds sectors which simply cannot be recoverd, it writes an empty sector to the outputfile and continues
  • safecopy
    safecopy is a data recovery tool which tries to extract as much data as possible from a seekable, but problematic (i.e. damaged sectors) source - like floppy drives, harddisk partitions, CDs, ..., where other tools like dd would fail doe to I/O errors. Read more
  • Scalpel
    Scalpel is an open source program for recovering deleted data. It is a fast file carver that reads a database of header and footer definitions and extracts matching files or data fragments from a set of image files or raw device files. Scalpel is filesystem-independent and will carve files from FATx, NTFS, ext2/3, HFS+, or raw partitions. It is useful for both digital forensics investigation and file recovery.
  • Scrounge NTFS
    Scrounge NTFS is a data recovery program for NTFS file systems. It reads each block of the hard disk to and retrieves rebuilds file system tree on another partition.
  • sformat
    sformat is a program to format/analyze/repair SCSI hard disks on a SunOS/Solaris/Linux.
  • Spacehog
    searches recursively through a directory that you specify and creates an html report (at the $repdir variable) of the ten largest files for your internal administration web site
  • System Installer
    an installation tool which is designed to build Linux images. It can be used to build and install an image directly to a machine, or it may build secondary images to be distributed to remote clients
  • transitmount
    transitmount provides simple rack/removable hard disk management. It mounts partitions not mentioned in fstab, possibly by volume name.

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