CareBot is a service robot which is based on two dual-core Intel Atom-based Mini-ITX boards, with one running Ubuntu Linux and the other Windows XP.
Erle-Brain 2 is a RPi2-based artificial brain for building robots and drones. This brain is an upgrade of Erle-Brain which includes a Snappy Ubuntu Core image, access to a cloud-based app store, support for ROS and APM (which helps building drones easily).
Humanoid for Open Architecture Platform (HOAP-1) is a Fujitsu miniature humanoid Robot running on RTLinux.
HRP-2m Choromet is a humanoid robot which is 35cm high, weighs 1.5kg and has 20 degrees of freedom. It has triaxial force/torque sensors on its legs and accelerometer and gyroscope on its trunk, and a small, energy-saving controller developed at AIST that is driven in real-time by Linux (ARTLinux).
K10 robot scout
NASA?s ?K10? robots are designed to be remotely operated on planetary surfaces and act as scouts for human explorers. The K10 runs on custom, embedded software on a dual-core Linux laptop.
Katana Robotic Arm
The Katana Robotic Arm comes with a powerful embedded controlboard running Linux with Xenomai Hard Real Time extensions and with a strong commitment to openness.
MiC, pronounced 'mick', meaning Mobile interactive
Computer is a mobile robot being developed as a cheap research platform for
advancements in robotics by research hobbiests.
NAO is a humanoid robot for academic purposes worldwide.
RobuROC Autonomous Vehicle
Zeno is a 4.5-pound humanoid robot which uses Linux for its physical brain.